Slide 2


Nurturing Excellence



What is Geography?
Geography is the study of human and physical environments. It is a subject that combines topics related to physical and human processes over space and time. With the use of Geography, we can better understand our complex world. There are many branches of study in Geography. For example, in Physical Geography, we examine natural processes and features, including the atmosphere, landforms and ecosystems. In Human Geography, we investigate the activities and impact of people on Earth. The concept that unifies Geography is space. All geographical phenomena have a spatial dimension and operate in a continuously changing environment.

Geography’s four Big Ideas
Any topic in Geography can be explored by applying a conceptual framework that embraces Geography’s four Big Ideas, namely:

  • Place
  • Spatial Processes
  • Spatial distribution patterns
  • Human and environment interaction