Subject: Geography

Subject Description:

Geography as subject is about the interaction between people and the environment we live in. It deals with looking at issues in the real world and is, therefore, an exciting and dynamic subject to study.

Geography is skills-based, focusing on reading, interpreting, and analysing data and visual material. It is unique in that it balances the Science and Social Science fields of study. The emphasis is on dealing with issues using a problem-solving approach.

Value of Geography as subject:

An education in Geography and environmental studies creates valuable knowledge and skills which can be directly or indirectly applied to a number of careers in Education, Tourism and Travel, Administration, Climatology, Environmental Management, Journalism, Marketing, Town and City Planning, Regional and Urban Development, Cartography, Environmental Law, Architecture, and Engineering. With the implementation of GIS (Geographic Information Systems), an exciting computer-based program, more career opportunities are available in the IT industry. Geography will ensure that the student has an understanding of and empathy for social, economic, and environmental problems in both a regional and global context.

Skills/Content Carried over from Grade 10-12:

Geography develops skills that will assist in any chosen career as it adopts a world-view, big picture perspective of world issues.
The skills covered in Geography include:

  • interpretation of data
  • graphicacy (graphicacy in geography is the ability to read and understand a map and the accompanying symbols)
  • ability to comprehend and apply factual knowledge
  • ability to test hypotheses, draw conclusions and suggest solutions
  • map interpretation and analysis
  • fieldwork research and techniques
  • the use of computer-based learning

Grade 10 Curriculum:

Field of study

Content

Geographical skills and techniques

  • Mapwork skills: 1:50 000 topographic maps, aerial photographs and orthophoto maps, atlas work
  • Geographic Information systems (GIS) and fieldwork

Climatology

The atmosphere; factors affecting temperature; moisture in the atmosphere; synoptic charts

Geomorphology

The structure of the earth, rocks, plate tectonics, folding, faulting, earthquakes, and volcanic activity

Population issues

Population distribution; analysis of population data; population issues and solutions

Water resources

Oceanography; water issues and solutions in South Africa

Grade 11 Curriculum:

Field of study

Content

Geographical skills and techniques

  • Mapwork skills, 1 : 50 000 topographic maps, aerial photographs and orthophoto maps, atlas work
  • Geographic Information systems (GIS) and fieldwork

Climatology

The Earth's energy balance; global air circulation; droughts and desertification; Africa's weather and climate; synoptic charts

Geomorphology

Topography associated with horizontal, inclined and massive igneous rocks; slopes; mass movements and human responses

Development Geography

Concept and framework for development; trade and development; development issues and challenges; role of development aid

Resources and sustainability

Soil and soil erosion; energy resources - conventional and non-conventional; energy management in South Africa

Grade 12 Curriculum:

Field of study

Content

Geographical skills and techniques

  • Mapwork skills, 1 : 50 000 topographic maps, aerial photographs and orthophoto maps, atlas work
  • Geographic Information systems (GIS) and fieldwork

Climatology

Mid-latitude cyclones; tropical cyclones; South Africa's weather and climate, valley and urban climates

Geomorphology

Drainages systems in South Africa; Fluvial processes and features; Catchments and river management

Settlement Geography

Rural settlements, issues and solutions; Urban settlement - patterns, hierarchies, structures, issues and solutions

The economy of South Africa

Structure of the economy; agriculture; mining; secondary and tertiary activities; strategies for industrial development; informal sector

Grade 9 Requirements:

The only requirement for students who want to take Geography is that they have a keen interest in the world.

Stationary Requirements:

  • Grade 10

  • Grade 11

  • Grade 12

Stationery required

  • File
  • Exam pad
  • Protractor
  • Calculator
  • Ruler
  • Pencil crayons
  • Pens and pencils

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