Subject: Information Technology (IT)

Subject Description:

Information Technology at FET level has two components: theory and practical (programming). These two components form the foundations for students wanting to go into Engineering, Surveying, and ICT systems. Many of these tertiary-level courses have ICT as a compulsory module in the first and second years.
The practical component teaches the student programming principles by means of Java. The principles include variables, mathematical operators, string handling, loops, conditional statements, and arrays. With the focus on programming principles and problem solving, the leap from a single language at secondary level to a variety of languages at tertiary level is achieved with relative ease. Within the theory component, fundamentals of hardware and software, networking, database design, and normalisation are covered, amongst other topics, over the three-year course. The content is covered in the textbook but students are expected to do additional reading regarding current trends in ICT from other sources like IT magazines and internet articles.

Value of Information Technology (IT) as subject:

Information Technology is incredibly diverse and is not simply about fixing computers and laptops. This course will allow students to pursue different career options and directions. Careers include technical writers, web developers, information technology directors, chief technology officers, software engineers, security testers, and so much more. IT graduates will also be prepared to specialise in more expansive areas of interest.

As technology progresses, the need for information technology professionals will only increase.

The better your skill set, the more in demand your expertise will be. With jobs being so scarce, the IT industry continues to show a promising job demand trend. Majoring in IT will expose you to a lot of opportunities and employment. It does not matter in which field of IT you specialise; there are many jobs in this industry.
If you think IT work is completed mainly on a solo basis, you may be surprised to learn it is essentially a collaborative effort. You will likely be working closely with your colleagues on several group projects, allowing you to be part of many larger-scale initiatives.

Skills/Content Carried over from Grade 10-12:

• Ability to use appropriate techniques and procedures to plan solutions and devise algorithms to solve problems using suitable techniques and tools • Understand and use appropriate communication technologies for information dissemination • Appreciate and comprehend the various system technologies used in the development of a computer-based system • Understand that all ICT systems are built upon software engineering principles • Understand and use Internet technologies for various tasks • Comprehend and apply the concepts of data and information management to understand how a knowledge-driven society functions understand the social implications of IT on society and the workplace.
NB: The practical component (Java Programming) starts in Grade 10 and is built upon and extended to Grade 12. Therefore, IT cannot be taken up at a later stage – all students wanting to take IT must take it in Grade 10.

Grade 10 Curriculum

Grade 11 Curriculum

Grade 12 Curriculum

Solution Development

Solution Development

Solution Development

Algorithms, Introduction to Solution Development, Application Development

Algorithms, Introduction to Solution Development, Application Development

Algorithms, Introduction to Solution Development, Application Development

Software Engineering Principles

Software Engineering Principles

Software Engineering Principles

Communication Technologies

Communication Technologies

Communication Technologies

Networks, E-communication

Networks, E-communication

Networks, E-communication

Systems Technologies

Systems Technologies

Systems Technologies

Hardware, Software, Computer Management

Hardware, Software, Computer Management

Hardware, Software, Computer Management

Internet Technologies

Internet Technologies

Internet Technologies

Internet, WWW, Internet Services

Internet, WWW, Internet Services

Internet, WWW, Internet Services

Data and Information Management

Data and Information Management

Data and Information Management

Data Representation, Database Design and Management

Data Representation, Database Design and Management

Data Representation, Database Design and Management

Social Implications

Social Implications

Social Implications

Legal, Ethical, Social, Environmental and Health Issues

Legal, Ethical, Social, Environmental and Health Issues

Legal, Ethical, Social, Environmental and Health Issues

Java as programming language, Number systems, Characters, Strings and Classes

Java as programming language, Number systems, Characters, Strings and Classes

Java as programming language, Number systems, Characters, Strings and Classes

Computational thinking, Pseudocode, For Loops, Objects, If Statements, Switch Statements

Computational thinking, Pseudocode, For Loops, Objects, If Statements, Switch Statements

Computational thinking, Pseudocode, For Loops, Objects, If Statements, Switch Statements

While Loops, Do Loops, Nested Loops, Methods, Databases, SQL

While Loops, Do Loops, Nested Loops, Methods, Databases, SQL, Scanner Class, Text Files, Error checking, OOP, Static and Constant Fields, Dates and Times, Reusable Classes, GUI and IDE, Arrays (Manipulation and Objects)

While Loops, Do Loops, Nested Loops, Methods, Databases, SQL, Scanner Class, Text Files, Error checking, OOP, Static and Constant Fields, Dates and Times, Reusable Classes, GUI and IDE, Arrays (Manipulation and Objects), Inheritance, UID with GUI, Data Validation, JSON Files, Data structures and Algorithms, Application Development, ASCII and UNICODE

Grade 9 Requirements:

• While Mathematics is not an IEB requirement to take the subject, students are expected to achieve at least 60% for Mathematics at the end of Grade 9 if they wish to take IT. • Students who want to take Mathematical Literacy will first need to complete an aptitude test and preliminary test to determine whether they can take IT. • Learners are expected to spend a minimum of an hour a day practising their programming skills. • It is compulsory for students taking IT as a subject to have daily access to a computer. • Access to a printer is also necessary as items occasionally need to be printed for submission.

Stationary Requirements:

  • Grade 10

  • Grade 11

  • Grade 12

Stationery required

  • Textbook – (approximately) R600
  • A computer with a stable internet connection
  • Access to a printer from time to time

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